An introduction to the history of the british east india company

They traded mainly in commodities exotic to Europe and Britain like cotton, indigo, salt, silk, saltpetre, opium and tea. It recruited largely Indian troopsand trained them along European lines.

East India Company

As home to the revolution, Britain experienced a higher standard of living and this spiralling cycle of prosperity, demand and production had a profound influence on the overseas trade.

The company was the forerunner of the present civil service government administration in India, Pakistan, Malaysia and Singapore. Warren Hastingsthe first governor-general, laid the administrative foundations for subsequent British consolidation.


The company settled down to a trade in cotton and silk piece goods, indigoand saltpetre, with spices from South India. The arrangements made in Bengal provided the company direct administrative control over a region, and subsequently led to years of Colonial supremacy and control. Inthe company established its permanent trading post in Canton province of China, and started trading of tea in exchange for silver.

Gardner ; D. Following the Battle of Buxar inthe Mughal emperor signed a treaty with the Company allowing them to oversee the administration of the province of Bengal, in exchange for a revised revenue amount every year. However, afterwhen the English traders at Amboina were massacred by the Dutch, the company admitted defeat in that endeavor and concentrated its activities in India.

The company developed a lobby in the English parliament.

Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Elements of its administration survives in present day Indian bureaucracy.

French ambitions on Indian territories were effectively laid to rest thus eliminating a major source of economic competition for the company. Around this time Britain surged ahead of its European rivals, with the advent of the Industrial revolution.

The transport system in India saw improvements in leaps and bounds with the completion of a mile rail-line from Bombay to Thane, the first-leg of the Bombay-Kalyan line, in The companies merged inby a tripartite indenture involving both companies and the state, with the charter and agreement for the new United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies being awarded by the Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin.

Numerous trading posts were established along the east and west coasts of India, and most conspicuous of English establishment developed around Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras, the three most important trading ports.

The East India Company forces went onto defeat the local royal representatives at the battle of Plassey in and at Buxar in The East India Company: A History From Beginning to End - Kindle edition by Hourly History. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The East India Company: A History From Beginning to End/5(55). The East India Company was the first company to record the Chinese usage of orange-flavoured tea, which led to the development of Earl Grey tea.

The East India Company introduced a system of merit-based appointments that provided a model for the British and Indian civil service.

A Brief History of the British East India Company

The British East India Company was a privately owned company which was established to create profitable trade with countries in the region of Asia called the "East Indies".

Granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth init became one of the most powerful mercantile organizations in the world by maintaining a monopoly on the importation of. Alternative Titles: British East India Company, English East India Company, Governor and Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies, United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies.

The name 'The British East India Company' nee ds no introduction to the world of business, commerce and industry. It was the most successful business ever and has a more colourful and adventurous history than any company in history. A Brief History of the British East India Company Between early s and the midth century, the British East India Company lead the establishment and expansion of international trade to Asia and subsequently leading to economic and political domination of the entire Indian subcontinent.

The British East India Company : History Download
An introduction to the history of the british east india company
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