In The Fountainhead, Ellsworth Toohey preaches this doctrine. The idiocy of the public becomes clear when Wynand holds a contest. As historian James Baker described it, "The Fountainhead hardly mentions politics or economics, despite the fact that it was born in the s. Although the first reviews—including those in such influential periodicals as Saturday Review of She was even more vehemently anti-Communist.
She therefore conducted extensive research that included reading many biographies and other books about architecture. The novel ends triumphantly not because Roark defeats or converts his enemies, but because he has won the right to act according to his own principles.
Although Rand had some mainstream success previously with her play Night of January 16th and had two previously published novels, The Fountainhead was a major breakthrough in her career. The villainous Toohey works his ill will as a sneaky, manipulative journalist, and Wynand builds his empire on a chain of exploitative and sensationalist papers that cater to the most depraved emotions of the masses.
Yannella said the novel is "a central text of American conservative and libertarian political culture". It has also been referred to in a variety of popular entertainments, including movies, television series, and other novels.
Toohey and several architects including Keating testify at the trial that Roark is incompetent as an architect due to his rejection of historical styles.
He becomes a social climberfocused on improving his career and social standing using a combination of personal manipulation and conformity to popular styles. Collectivism, altruism, and mysticism are depicted as illogical beliefs that manipulate the heart rather than engage the mind.
Meanwhile, Roark and Cameron create inspired work, but struggle financially. Every time a new play or work of literature crops up in the narrative, the work in question is made to appear ridiculous and self-indulgent.
She seeks to break free of this mind-set by running to Keating, but guilt engulfs her. It brought her lasting fame and financial success. In her journals Rand described Wynand as "the man who could have been" a heroic individualist, contrasting him to Roark, "the man who can be and is".
He says that individual creators are the fountainhead of civilization. Rand created Keating as an archetype of this motivation, which she saw as the opposite of self-interest. Early in her life, she rebelled against all religion, at age fourteen declaring herself an atheist.
Socialism One of the principles of socialism suggests that productive individuals are obligated to selflessly serve nonproductive individuals in society. Macmillan Publishingwhich had published We the Living, rejected the book after Rand insisted they provide more publicity for her new novel than they had done for the first one.
In the opening chapter, the dean of his architecture school tells Roark that the best architecture must copy the past rather than innovate or improve.
Technical Progress In The Fountainhead, technical progress indicates the forward movement of society.
Simply, she reacts against a society she has never explored and thus parallels the conformist who similarly never thinks. The Cold Ferocity of Love In The Fountainhead, love, like integrity and invention, is a principle worth fighting for and defending.
The novel admires laborers and workmen as individuals, but it fears and mistrusts them as a group. She called Rand "a traitor to her own sex". Nor does it deal with world affairs, although it was written during World War II.
After Cameron retires, Keating hires Roark, whom Francon soon fires for refusing to design a building in the classical style. With the social thawing towards modernism, he copies the works of Henry Cameron, believing them to be original when they are hardly functional, disfigured monstrosities.
One publisher after another turned down the manuscript before an editor at the Indianapolis-based firm of Bobbs-Merrill took a chance on it.
She also completed a stage adaptation of We the Living that ran briefly in Her first novel, We the Livingwas a grim portrayal of the stultifying effects of the Soviet system upon the individual. In contrast to this glorification of architecture, the novel scoffs at other forms of art.
Journalism The novel holds up architecture as the ideal art form, and journalism as all that is banal and corrupt. The most productive people should be compelled to serve those in need. She sold the movie rights to The Fountainhead and returned to Hollywood to write the screenplay for the adaptation.The Fountainhead was a surprise popular success that catapulted Ayn (pronounced to rhyme with “mine”) Rand to fame.
Rand had been born Alice Rosenbaum in St. Petersburg, Russia, on February 2,to an affluent and assimilated Jewish family. Before calling it The Fountainhead, Ayn Rand’s working title was “Second-Hand Lives.” Her idea for the book was to contrast the first-handed independence of her hero, Howard Roark, with other characters who are variations on the theme of second-handedness.
A summary of Motifs in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Fountainhead and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
(The Diaries of Ayn Rand, ) The Fountainhead contains an undeveloped form of Rand's philosophical beliefs. She wanted the novel to be imbued with a spirit of individualism and to convey the idea that "man's ego is the fountainhead of human progress" (The Fountainhead, front matter).
Rand did extensive research while writing. In her novel, ''The Fountainhead'', Ayn Rand explores the struggle between the individual and society. This lesson will introduce characters, provide a summary, and give an analysis of the book. A summary of Themes in Ayn Rand's The Fountainhead.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Fountainhead and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.Download